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Pet Vaccinations | Understanding What are the Core Pet Vaccinations

Pet Vaccinations for Dogs and Cats – Their Associated Core Vaccinations

Pet vaccinations are a critical part of any pets preventative health care program and these vaccinations have prevented millions of pets from unnecessary suffering and death. There are numerous thoughts about pet vaccinations. Basically pet vaccinations can be group into three (3) groups.

1. Core Pet vaccinations

Core vaccines are recommended for all pets with an unknown vaccination history. The diseases involved have significant morbidity and mortality and are widely distributed, and in general, vaccination results in relatively good protection from disease. These include vaccines for canine parvovirus (CPV), canine distemper virus (CDV), canine (hepatitis) adenovirus (CAV), and rabies for dogs. The core vaccines for cats are those for feline herpesvirus, feline calicivirus (FCV), feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and rabies.

2. Non-Core Pet Vaccinations

Non-core vaccines are optional vaccines that should be considered in light of the exposure risk of the animal, ie. based on geographic distribution and the lifestyle of the pet. Several of the diseases involved are often self-limiting or respond readily to treatment. Dog vaccines considered as non-core vaccines are canine parainfluenza virus, canine influenza virus, distemper-measles combination vaccine, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Leptospira spp., and Borrelia burgdorferi. Non-core vaccines for cats consist of the vaccines for feline leukemia virus (FeLV), feline immunodeficiency virus, virulent feline calicivirus vaccine (FCV), Chlamydia felis, and Bordetella bronchiseptica.

Vaccination with these vaccines is generally less effective in protecting against disease than vaccination with the core vaccines.

3. Not Generally Recommended Pet Vaccinations

Several other canine vaccines are currently available on the market. These are vaccines for canine coronavirus, canine adenovirus-1, and rattlesnake envenomation. The reports of the AVMA and the AAHA canine vaccine task force have listed the first three vaccines as not generally recommended, because ‘the diseases are either of little clinical significance or respond readily to treatment’, evidence for efficacy of these vaccines is minimal, and they may ‘produce adverse events with limited benefit’. Currently, information regarding the efficacy of the canine rattlesnake vaccine is insufficient.

The feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) vaccine has been listed as ‘Not Generally Recommended’ by the AAFP.

In 2003, guidelines for pet vaccinations was presented by the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA). A recent update was presented in 2011.

One of the key AAHA Canine Vaccine Guidelines is that all dogs are different and therefore vaccine decisions should be made on an individual basis for each dog. Issues to consider include:

  • Age
  • Breed
  • Health status
  • Environment
  • Lifestyle
  • Travel habits of the dog
Health threats vary from city to city and even in various sections of cities. You should work with your veterinarian to tailor an immunization program to your pet’s needs, risks, and lifestyle factors.
The core pet vaccinations for a dog are:
Canine Distpemper
Canine Hepatitis
Canine Parvovirus
The core pet vaccinations for a cat are:
Feline Distemper (Feline Panleucopenia Virus)
Feline Rhinotracheitis (Feline Herpersvirus)
Feline Calicivirus

Low Cost Pet Vaccinations Pinellas
Community Vaccine Clinics
Pinellas County, FL
1.727. PET-SHOT (738.7468)

Serving St. Petersburg – Pinellas Park – Largo – Seminole – Clearwater – Ellenton

Additional Pet Vaccination Information:

Core Pet Vaccines

Dog Core Pet Vaccinations | Which Ones Are They?
Cat Core Pet Vaccinations | Which Ones are They?

Other Pet Vaccines

Dog Pet Vaccinations | Optional Pet Vaccinations for Dogs
Cat Pet Vaccinations | Optional Pet Vaccinations for Cats

Pet Vaccines – When to Give

Pet Vaccinations for Dogs and Cats | When to Give Them